Succession planning requires a supportive framework for matching nurses' professional goals, competencies, and strengths with role expectations. Having conversations with nurses about their career goals and passions is the first step in identifying successors. Managers must also clearly identify the nurses on the unit they would most hate to lose to other career opportunities.
Succession planning is a complex process that requires four major elements of the organization and the nurse leaders:
- Assessment strategies for identifying successors
- Professional development program that clearly defines role expectations, competencies, and developmental milestones
- Leadership development programs that provide role-related education and practical experiences
- Mentors and coaches that can guide nurses on their career paths
Coaching nurses along their career paths in fulfilling their professional goals and dreams is one of the most rewarding experiences for managers. All too often, we often promote expert clinicians into management positions without matching their passions and strengths to the new role. Sound succession planning creates a win-win solution for everyone involved.
-June Marshall, RN, MS, CNAA-BC, ANCC Magnet Recognition Program® Project Director at Medical City Hospital in Dallas, Texas